The SEP shall put into effect a graded system of protection and development control in the province of Palawan. This graded system encompasses tribal lands, forests, mines, agricultural areas, settlement areas, small islands, mangrove, coral reefs, seagrass beds and the surrounding sea.

ECAN, as the main strategy of SEP is implemented out in the following manner:

  • Forest conservation and protection through the imposition of a total commercial logging ban in all areas of maximum protection and in such other restricted use zones as the Palawan Council for Sustainable Development (PCSD)may provide
  • Protection of watersheds
  • Preservation of biological diversity
  • Protection of tribal people and the preservation of their culture
  • Maintenance of maximum sustainable yield
  • Protection of rare and endangered species and their habitat
  • Provision of areas for environmental and ecological research, education and training
  • Provision of areas for tourism and recreation

ECAN Zonation and Management Schemes

Terrestrial Zone

The terrestrial zone consists of mountains, ecologically important low hills and lowland areas in the whole province.

The core zone is the area of maximum protection and shall be free of human disruption. This includes all types of natural forest above the elevation of 1,000 meters including first growth residual forest and edges of intact forest, endangered habitats and habitats of endangered and rare species. Tribal communities may be allowed entry into the core zone to enable them to gather forest products for ceremonial and medicinal purposes.

The buffer zone permits regulated use. The buffer consists of a restricted use area, which serves as the protective barrier to the core zone; a controlled use area wherein limited extractive activities are allowed and the traditional use area where land use has already been stabilized.

The multiple/manipulative use area where the landscape has been modified and development activities have taken roots.

Coastal/Marine Zone

This area includes the whole coastline and the open sea where active fishing and tourism activities are carried out. Equitable access to the resources and management responsibility by the local community shall be the underlying management philosophy for the coastal / marine zone.

The core zone which shall be free from any human activity includes sanctuaries of rare and endangered species, selected coral reefs, seagrass and mangrove ecosystem reserves.

The multiple use zone is the development area and serves as the buffer zone to the core. Fishery, mariculture, recreation, rehabilitation of small islands and mangrove ecosystem, education and research are allowed in this area.

Tribal Ancestral Lands

These areas shall be treated along the same system of control and prohibition in the terrestrial and coastal/marine zones but a special cultural consideration shall be applied to the traditional inhabitants using consultative processes and cultural mapping.